Balanced budget (平衡预算)

A balanced budget (平衡预算 píng héng yù suàn) refers to a situation when total expenditures are equal to total revenues and not create a surplus or deficit for the entity.

Part 1: Breakdown of Words

  • Balanced (平衡 píng héng) as in “balanced diet” (平衡饮食 píng héng yǐn shí). 
  • Budget (预算 yù suàn) as in “financial budget” (财务预算 cái wù yù suàn), or “budget deficit” (预算赤字 yù suàn chì zì).
  • Balanced (平衡 píng héng), derives from:
    • ” (píng) as in “average” (平均 píng jūn), or “usually” (平时 píng shí).
    • ” (héng) as in “measure” (衡量 héng liáng), or “weights and measures” (度量衡 dù liàng héng).
  • Budget (预算 yù suàn), derives from:
    • ” (yù) as in “predict” (预测 yù cè), “forecast” (预报 yù bào), or “preview” (预览 yù lǎn). 
    • ” (suàn) as in “calculation” (计算 jì suàn), or “arithmetic” (算术 suàn shù).

Part 2: Examples

  1. Balanced budget requirements (平衡预算要求 píng héng yù suàn yāo qiú).
  2. Balanced budget amendment (平衡预算修正案 píng héng yù suàn xiū zhèng àn).
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