Border effects (边界效应)

Border effects (边界效应 biān jiè xiào yìng) refer to asymmetric trade pattern between either cities of different countries that share the same national border (边界; side; border), or regions within one country. “效应” as in greenhouse effect (温室效应 wēn shì xiào yìng).

Part 1: Breakdown of Words

  • “Border” (边界 biān jiè) derives from:
    • ” (biān) as in “margin” (边际 biān jì), “edge” (边缘 biān yuán), or “frontier” (边疆 biān jiāng).
    • ” (jiè) as in “world” (世界 shì jiè), “boundary” (界限 jiè xiàn), or “interface” (界面 jiè miàn).
  • “Effects” (效应 xiào yìng) as in greenhouse effect (温室效应 wēn shì xiào yìng).
    • ” (xiào) as in “efficiency” (效率 xiào lǜ), “imitate” (效仿 xiào fǎng), or “benefits” (效益 xiào yì).
    • ” (yìng) as in “respose” (回应 huí yìng), “reaction” (反应 fǎn yìng), or “ought to” (应该 yīng gāi).
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