Budget surplus (预算盈余)

A budget surplus (预算盈余 yù suàn yíng yú) occurs when the amount of money available exceeds expenditures. See “budget deficit” (预算赤字 yù suàn chì zì).

Part 1: Breakdown of Words

  • “Budget” (预算 yù suàn) as in “defense budget” (国防预算 guó fáng yù suàn) and in “project budget” (项目预算 xiàng mù yù suàn).
    • ” (yù) as in “forecast” (预报 yù bào), “foresee” (预见 yù jiàn), “prophecy” (预言 yù yán), or “prediction” (预测 yù cè).
    • ” (suàn) as in “calculation” (计算 jì suàn), “intend” (打算 dǎ suàn), or “arithmetic” (算术 suàn shù).
  • “Surplus” (盈余 yíng yú) as in “consumer surplus” (消费者盈余 xiāo fèi zhě yíng yú).
    • ” (yíng) as in “full” (盈满 yíng mǎn), or “abundance” (丰盈 fēng yíng).
    • ” (yú) as in “remnant” (残余 cán yú), “residual” (剩余 shèng yú), or “excessive” (多余 duō yú).

Part 2: Examples

  1. Government budget surplus (政府预算盈余 zhèng fǔ yù suàn yíng yú).
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