Currency–deposit ratio (通货存款比)

Currency–deposit ratio (通货存款比 tōng huò cún kuǎn bǐ) refers to the ratio of cash in circulation to demand deposits in commercial banks. It has an inverse relationship with the money multiplier.

Part 1: Breakdown of Words

  • 通货” (tōng huò) here is an abbreviation of “currency in circulation” (流通中的货币 liú tōng zhōng de huò bì; “circulation” (流通 liú tōng); “currency”, (货币 huò bì)).
    • ” (tōng) as in “traffic” (交通 jiāo tōng), “circulation” 流通 (liú tōng), or “notice” (通知 tōng zhī).
    • ” (huò) as in “goods” (货物 huò wù), “lorry” (货车 huò chē), “shelf” (货架 huò jià).
  • “Deposit” (存款 cún kuǎn) as in “deposit insurance” (存款保险 cún kuǎn bǎo xiǎn), or “deposit interest rate” (存款利率 cún kuǎn lì lǜ).
    • ” (cún) as in “storage” (存储 cún chǔ), “save” (保存 bǎo cún), or “existence” (存在 cún zài).
    • ” (kuǎn) as in “terms/articles” (条款 tiáo kuǎn), “style” (款式 kuǎn shì), “funds” (款项 kuǎn xiàng), or “payment” (付款 fù kuǎn).
  • Ratio ( bǐ or 比率 bǐ lǜ) as in “molar ratio” (摩尔比 mó ěr bǐ) or “ratio analysis” (比率分析 bǐ lǜ fēn xī).
    • ” (bǐ) as in “match/contest” (比赛 bǐ sài), “compare” (比较 bǐ jiào), or “contrast” (对比 duì bǐ).

 

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